Unless you are fanatical about taking the lift and standing stock still on escalators, all of us do some form of step-ups every day when climbing stairs. However, that doesn’t mean you should neglect doing the exercise in your workouts. On the contrary, it just shows how useful a move it is because it trains your body to tackle the movements it needs to perform every day – which is the central tenet of functional fitness.

Step-ups hit all the major muscle groups in your lower body. The quads bear the brunt of the action but the move works your glutes, hamstrings and calves too. That means that as well as improving your stair-climbing game, step-ups will improve your strength and resilience for sports like running and cycling.

How To Do Step-Ups

There’s not a whole lot of subtlety to this exercise – you just need a bench or platform. Make sure it isn’t too high; just under knee height is about right. Stand tall facing the bench with your arms by your sides. Put the whole of your right foot on the bench, then drive up through your right leg and stand on the bench with both feet. Lead with your left leg as you step back down and return to the starting position. We suggest alternating the leg you lead with if doing reps for time, or you can opt to do all the reps on one leg and then switch if you’re doing sets.

Step-Up Variations

Dumbbell step-up

This is the most common step-up variation and one that even beginners will be able to progress to very quickly. Adding weight increases the difficulty and the benefits of the exercise, and the easiest way to do that is by holding dumbbells by your sides while you perform step-ups.

Side step-up

Approach the move from a whole new angle – and elist your inner thigh muscles as well – by stepping up from the side. Stand side-on to your bench, either with or without dumbbells, and place the nearer foot on the bench, leaving enough space on the bench for your other foot. Drive up and stand with both feet on the bench, then step down to the same side you came up from. Do all the reps on this side, then turn around and lead with the opposite leg.

Step-up and drive

Once again, you can do this variation with or without dumbbells, but we’d recommend trying it without weights the first time at least. Stand facing the bench and step up but, instead of planting the trailing leg, drive your knee up towards your chest, and then step straight back down. This more explosive version of the exercise builds power in your glutes and is especially useful for those using step-ups to train for sports. You can even go straight into a jump with your step-ups to maximise the plyometric benefits, but ideally not on a bench – you need a bigger platform to land on safely.

Barbell step-up

More advanced stepper-uppers can increase the challenge by holding a barbell on the back of their shoulders while performing the move. Aside from the barbell, the form is the same, but having the weight on the back of your shoulders makes it far harder to drive up on the front leg.